The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution
Michael J. Behe. 1998. Touchstone Books (Simon & Schuster), 320 pages.
The author, though not a creationist, argues persuasively that biochemical machines must have been designed -- either by God, or by some other higher intelligence. Using the examples of vision, blood clotting, cilia, the immune system, and more, Behe demonstrates that each such system functions as an "irreducibly complex," finely-calibrated molecular machine. Like a mouse trap, each interacting part is indispensable for the functioning of the system. If any one of the parts is removed, the system no longer functions. Behe's basic thesis is this: Since any precursor to an irreducibly complex system is by definition nonfunctional, an irreducibly complex system cannot "evolve"; i.e., it cannot arise gradually by slight, successive modifications of the precursor via a Darwinian process.
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